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History of West Java Coffee

Updated: Apr 22, 2023

West Java was the region where the earliest coffee plantations were established by the VOC. The Dutch began cultivation and exportation of coffee trees on Java (part of the Dutch East Indies) in the 17th century. Agricultural systems in Java have changed considerably over time. A rust plague in the late 1880s killed off much of the plantation stocks in the Sukabumi area before spreading to Central Java and parts of East Java. The Dutch responded by replacing the Arabica firstly with Liberica (a tough, but somewhat unpalatable coffee) and later with Robusta.



As of 2015 Java's old colonial-era plantations provide just a fraction of the coffee grown on the island; they produce primarily the higher-valued Arabica variety. The Paniis coffee planters cooperation in Sumedang can produce 15 tonnes, 2.5 tonnes of them are produced as kopi luwak.



Coffee in Indonesia has a long history and an important role for the growth of the economy of communities in Indonesia. As is the case in West Java, the richness of natural resources in West Java Coffee is one of the signs that West Java has abundant natural wealth. In 1726, coffee in West Java have made Holland to become the world's largest coffee exportir.


 

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